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Men Having Babies Research Article Library

MHB is collaborating with researchers worldwide to encourage and support research to contribute to our understanding of surrogacy and gay parenting. In addition, the effective dissemination of research findings is of vital importance. Below you will find a library of exiting academic studies and reviews. They have been assembled for the most part by the International Surrogacy Research Group led by Dr. Nicola Carone of the University of Pavia, Italy. Also assisting in the effort are Dr. Henny Bos (University of Amsterdam), Dr. Ellen Lorenceau (University Paris Diderot, CRPMS), Dr. Luis Moya-Albiol (Universitat de València), Dr. Loes van Rijn - van Gelderen (University of Amsterdam), and Dr. Mary Riddle (The Pennsylvania State University).

Please feel free to send us suggestions for additional studies to include in the library.

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Postdelivery adjustment of gestational carriers, intended parents, and their children

This review examines research on the psychological adjustment of surrogates and their children. It then presents findings from studies assessing parents’ psychological health and parent–child relationships, and children’s adjustment within families formed through surrogacy. Finally, it examines how children born through surrogacy feel about their birth and toward their surrogate. Overall, studies have shown good psychological outcomes for surrogates, parents, and children, but research is still very limited, particularly in relation to the geographical location of the research, the ages of the children studied, and the lack of longitudinal projects.

Categories: OUTCOMES FOR ALL PARTIES INVOLVED
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Gay men choosing parenthood through assisted reproduction: medical and psychosocial considerations

OBJECTIVE:

To medically and psychologically assess gay men seeking parenthood through assisted reproduction and to provide guidelines for the assessment.

RESULT(S):

The average age of men was 38.4 years. All couples were in a committed relationship and had been together for an average 6.4 years. All met medical and psychological criteria for acceptance.

CONCLUSION(S):

Gay men increasingly choose fatherhood through assisted reproduction. Counseling these couples on the medical and emotional demands of in vitro fertilization with a gestational carrier and an oocyte donor is a vital component of pretreatment preparation.

Categories: EXPERIENCES OF SURROGACY GAY FATHERS' DECISIONS OVER GENETIC PARENTHOOD
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Psychological trait and state characteristics, social support and attitudes to the surrogate pregnancy and baby

BACKGROUND

Personality differences between surrogate mothers (SMs) who gestate and relinquish and intended mothers (IMs) who commission a genetically related or unrelated baby have been unexplored in the UK. Furthermore, the psychological effects of the arrangement have not been determined in a prospective longitudinal study, making this the first quantitative report of psychological functioning in SMs and IMs.

RESULTS

There were no significant differences between or within SM and IM groups on personality characteristics. Social support, marital harmony and state anxiety differed significantly (to P < 0.01) between SMs and IMs at different stages of the arrangement. Differences in attitudes towards the pregnancy and the baby were also observed between groups during pregnancy (to P < 0.001), but there was no evidence of post-natal depression amongst the groups studied.


Categories: EXPERIENCES OF SURROGACY SURROGATES’ BONDING TO THE FOETUS
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Surrogacy: the experiences of surrogate mothers

BACKGROUND: This study examined the motivations, experiences and psychological consequences of surrogacy for surrogate mothers. 

RESULTS: It was found that surrogate mothers do not generally experience major problems in their relationship with the commissioning couple, in handing over the baby, or from the reactions of those around them. The emotional problems experienced by some surrogate mothers in the weeks following the birth appeared to lessen over time. 


Categories: MOTIVATIONS FOR SURROGACY MOTIVATIONS OF SURROGATES
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